Diabetes

Diabetes is a group of diseases where the pancreas does not effectively produce insulin and people can no longer regulate their blood glucose levels. More than 528,000 adults in South Carolina were diagnosed with diabetes in 2018 (HSEC). Hispanics are 50% more likely to die from diabetes than whites.

There are several types of diabetes

  1. Type 1: The body cannot produce insulin effectively. People with Type 1 must take insulin injections. 5% of people with

  2. Type 2: The body does not produce enough insulin or use it effectively. The body becomes resistant to the insulin it does produce. It is on the rise in children. 90% of people with diabetes are type 2.

  3. Prediabetes: Prediabetes is an obvious risk factor and almost always precedes diabetes. It also puts people at higher risk for heart disease and other lifestyle diseases.

  4. Gestational diabetes: Gestational diabetes is a condition found in pregnant women where their blood glucose levels are higher than normal. Unlike type 2 diabetes, it is not necessarily caused by body fatness and lifestyle. Rather the body undergoes a hormonal shift.

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Risk Factors 

- Overweight

- Genetics

- 45 or older

- Sedentary life

-  Had gestational diabetes

- Are African American, Hispanic/Latino American, American Indian, or Alaska Native (some

  Pacific Islanders and Asian Americans are also at higher risk)

Symptoms

Increased thirst

- Frequent urination

- Extreme hunger

- Unexplained weight loss

- Presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat

  that happens when there's not enough available insulin)

- Fatigue

- Irritability

- Blurred vision

- Slow-healing sores

- Frequent infections, such as gums or skin infections and vaginal infections

Prevention/Treatment 

Exercise 3 times a week

- Manage weight

- Eat a healthy well-balanced diet: limit highly processed foods, sugar, and saturated fats

- Manage stress

Printable Brochure

Sources